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Countries have faced the toughest security challenges over the past year. The impetus for the meeting was the realization that these problems are difficult to solve by individual national states, since international stability is currently in a precarious state. To even out the level of stability, it is necessary to unite the BRICS countries on security issues.

The meeting was attended by representatives of the BRICS countries. Dr. Felipe Giesteira (Coordinator for Defense and Foreign Policy Studies, Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA), Brazil), Vasily Kashin (Deputy Director of the Center for Comprehensive European and International Studies (CCEIS), NRU HSE, Russia), Amb. Dr. Bhaskar Balakrishnan (Research Fellow, RIS Science Diplomacy Department), Shruti Pandalay (Junior Research Fellow, Manohara Parrikara Institute for Defense Research and Analysis, India), Professor Sifamandla Zondi (Chair of the BRICS Think Tank (SABTT)). The process was moderated by Professor Varun Sakhni (Vice-Rector of the Goa University). The Keynote Speaker was Ambassador Vijay Lata Reddy (Distinguished Research Fellow, Observer Research Foundation).

The participants shared their opinions on the given topic of the dialogue. An interesting opinion was shared by Professor Sifamandla Zondi, Chair of the South African Think Tank BRICS (SABTT): As the international financial system develops, the severity and scale of cybercrime is increasing. The uncertainty surrounding cryptocurrencies and the lack of checks and balances around it have made it easier to finance terrorism. An intergovernmental agreement on Internet governance is needed.

Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics technologies have heightened the need for a robust cybersecurity infrastructure. The BRICS countries should work together on these issues with expert groups.

The BRICS countries' understanding of security issues should expand to include areas such as health, trade and employment. During India's BRICS presidency, reforming key international organizations for more inclusive global governance is a top priority.

These and other opinions were announced at the BRICS Academic Dialogue. We consider this event to be one of the most important in the activities of the Commonwealth today.