The OCHA of the UN, UNCTAD, UN for industrial development, FAO, UNESCO, and IAEA regional offices are also here. Each year Geneva welcomes the public officials of different countries for the discussion of important issues. About 600 major international conferences and over 7,000 different meetings are annually carried out at the UN European headquarters. About one hundred thousand tourists come to Geneva each year to admire its architecture and they do not mind visiting the closed halls of the Palace.
As soon as the League of Nations appeared in 1920 it at once became necessary to construct a monumental building for its meetings. The tender for the best design of the complex construction was carried out. But there were so many worthy designs that the jury failed to select the final winner. In the result five best architects were suggested working out a joint design of the building and its architecture. The winners turned out to be the representatives of different countries and they tried to unite the architecture of different peoples and epochs in the created building. In 1936 the better part of the League of Nations employees, who were earlier scattered in different places, were transferred to the yet incomplete building in Geneva.
The counties being the members of the League provided the materials for the building interior decoration. The time capsule with the copies of the League of Nations constituent documents, the list of all countries being its members, and the coins of these countries was installed in the first stone of the building foundation. But by the moment of the construction completion the activity of the League of Nations was already not so successful and soon it was dissolved.
As soon as the Palace of Nations became the UN European headquarters several outbuildings were constructed for it. For example, D building was constructed to temporary place the WHO, and E building, which construction was completed in 1973, later became the special complex for conferences. The current length of the UN European headquarters in Geneva is about 600 m. This architecture monument successfully holds over 2,500 offices and 34 conference halls.
Geneva architecture and the UN headquarters
The Palace of Nations building, in which the UN European headquarters are situated, perfectly fits the architecture of Geneva. But it needs modernization. Some experts, including Sergei Ordjonikidze being the UN Office in Geneva CEO, state that the building renewal will cost USD one billion, because even the architecture of the building outer lining requires several changes. Geneva needs this money to support the due state of the building holding the UN European headquarters.
Till now the Palace of Nations is considered to be one of the most elite and beautiful buildings in Geneva. It is a wonderful piece of Geneva architecture, to which special attention shall be paid.